SENEGAL – SAINT LOUIS DU SENEGAL
Environment of Saint-Louis of Senegal
When l‘ one spans the bridge Faidherbe l‘ one discovers in more d‘ a company of which the manners d‘ to be and user-friendliness are so singular, a treasure d‘ infrastructures and d‘ buildings, witnesses of l‘ glorious history of the day before quoted. With foot or in barouche, through streets with the evocative names (Repentigny, Anne-Marie Javouhey, Blanchot, Parcelled out Pierre…), you will be able to go to discovered from the urban course set up by the trade union d‘ initiative of Saint-Louis. Coming from the district of Sor on the continent, one reaches l‘ island by l‘ single connection, the Faidherbe bridge. Metal work of 10,50 m broad 507m length and, the bridge is composed of 7 spans in arch of which the second starting from l‘ island is designed to swivel d‘ around; an axis fixes in order to let pass the ships. The central roadway is bordered of two pedestrian pavements. Old man d‘ a hundred d‘ years, the bridge, on October 19, 1897 was inaugurated. When l‘ one arrives in l‘ island while going down from the bridge Faidherbe, the sight is filled by a block d‘ building, commonly called Governorship. Of l‘ old extremely colonial, still remain of the walls at the very thick base, vestiges of the first buttresses, visible of the street Milles Lacroix. With l‘ West, the Governorship s‘ open on a shaded place bearing the name of the Faidherbe Governor of which the statue imperturbable throne in the garden. The Faidherbe place initially called Savanna then place of Oléans bordered by the barracks Cut down Northern and Southern (1837) and like taking care on all that, Louis Leon Faidherbe, Gouverneur of Senegal of 1854 to 1864. (On this place, the Blanchot General celebrated the victory of Austerlitz there). Of share and d‘ other of this central place both district of l‘ island: south or Sindoné and North or Lodo. With the file of the course you can discover old buildings with l‘ typical architecture.
In the South, first zone d‘ establishments European also called kertian (of the Christian name), one fall as of skirtings from the Governorship on the cathedral. Devoted in 1828, it was the first church of l‘ Africa of l‘ West. You will be able to admire his neo-classic frontage, are advanced porch and its pediment surmounted d‘ a statue of Saint-Louis. On same alignment towards l‘ West l‘ old school of the Brothers Ploërmel (1841), become at the beginning of the century Peyrissac establishment, still preserves its frontages d‘ time. Towards the “ Large bras“ , a splendid white building with the wrought iron balcony richly decorated; d‘ access sits of the General advice, it became Colonial Conseil then Assemblé Territorial, Assemblé Regional and recently Regional Arts centre. Once crossed the door carries out of wood, you will be able to admire the superb wood ceiling with painted boxes. Go towards the Southern Point, you will be able to discover l‘ old house of the sisters of Saint-Joseph of Cluny become aujourd‘ today Services Regional of the Taxes. It offers l‘ one of the most interesting originality of Saint-Louis with its monumental staircase with the two circular shutters. Before d‘ to arrive at the Southern Point, halt with the College Ameth Fall of which buildings built in 1840 on l‘ site of the first Christian cemetery, sheltered successively l‘ civil hospital then the Blanchot college before becoming College of young girls. Its majestic court, l‘ balance of its architecture offers a feeling of soft intimacy. Joined with the college, a more modern building, the Research centre and of Documentation of Senegal (CRDS), ex French Institut d‘ Black Africa (1954), shelters an important library, a priceless treasure d‘ files of l‘ A.O.F.
Do not miss the visit of the Museum and the gallery d‘ exposure d‘ modern art. Of l‘ esplanade of the CRDS, the sight is broad and beautiful on the d‘ plan; water which s‘ run out towards l‘ mouth. Beyond that, on the language of Cruelty, the populeux district of Guet N‘ Dar which organizes each year of great regattas, the cemetery and l‘ seaplane base d‘ where Jean Mermoz for his crossing left l‘ The Atlantic. With l‘ Is the more recent districts of Sor, the modern St-Louis. Return towards the Northern district by the quays which skirt the large arm. Started in 1830, the construction of the quays all around l‘ island was reinforced by Faidherbe and was completed by Roume. D‘ access of wood then more and more in masonry, they allowed d‘ to ensure the roadway system and the healthiness of l‘ island just as its final protection against the floods.
On these quays and goods embarked were unloaded which made l‘ object river commercial. Warehouses aligned in row, particularly on the quays North testify to prosperity d‘ antan. These commercial firms of Bordeaux and Marseilles generally occupied a whole small island with closed interior court; side river of the warehouses where were stored the unloaded goods; side street, of the shops with large doors out of wooden and window with rez of roadway and apartments of the traders with l‘ stage with vast terraces and balconies with balustrade. At the end of the quays North, after l‘ French school, a large iron silhouette is detached, c‘ is the crane with vapor of 20 tons. Testimony living of l‘ intensity of the river trade of l‘ time, this work with vapor is probably l‘ one of rare still existing in the world.
„Sand cord between two floods, conquered as of XVIème century by the Portuguese navigator Dinis Dias, the “ Language of Barbarie“ born from l‘ confrontation of the river and l‘ ocean, s‘ stretch on several kilometers in the south of Saint-Louis. Soft and fragile, threatened with each rising or tide, it tends to yield in spite of l‘ stubbornness of the filaos and palm trees, for finally s‘ to exhaust with l‘ estuary, vis-a-vis the power of the floods. Well with l‘ shelter on l‘ another bank of the river, the continent saw. A such oasis with the edge of the bush, gandiolais it cheek of its colors and its charms. Beyond the dense and impenetrable mangroves, the palm trees s‘ incline with the wind. Under their shades, in the whiteness of the dunes, the villages s‘ affairent at the rate/rhythm of the variegated dugouts. Shore, their inhabitants draw salt, spices and onions which will adapt rice, fish and shellfish. Territory d‘ a fragile balance between nature and l‘ man, this unit remarkable is included in the National park of the Language of Cruelty. Covering 2.000 hectares, this park created in 1976, l‘ includes/understands; estuary of the Senegal river, l‘ sandy end of the Language, backwaters bordering the continent like two small islands located in the middle of the river. C‘ is continent which you will approach the Park.
As soon as you leave Saint-Louis, you will be surprised by the variety of the landscapes and the user-friendliness of l‘ atmosphere. Before d‘ to embark, you will cross the backwater where the women pile up salt which the river in s‘ leaves; evaporating. Animated by their markets, you will discover, with the length of the river, the villages of market-gardeners and fishermen located in the perimeter of the Park. However, without accosting not to disturb the nicheurs, you will recognize with l‘ helps of your guide and guard of the Park, the dimorphous brushes garzettes and, the éperonnés plovers, the widowed dendrocygnes, the Caspian and royal terns, the seagulls scoffers and other gulls with gray head…
Then l‘ starts; approaches the river. Protected by the fragile sand cord from the Language, you will evolve slowly to the small islands with the birds, passing the dugouts returning of their fishing year. Sites privileged from their geographical location, these small islands accomodate each year, d‘ April at October, of the d‘ thousands; migratory birds, the time of the nesting. National park of the birds of Djoudj The national park of the birds of Djoudj occupies a surface of 16.000 ha entirely located on the ecosystems deltaic of the Senegal river. The park owes its name with an arm of the Senegal river, Djoudj which feeds all l‘ year quantity of lakes and backwaters. From its geographical position the site constitutes l‘ one of the very first refuges for the migratory birds after the crossing of the Sahara. They are each year nearly 3 d‘ million; birds distributed on nearly 350 species which come to find refuge in this sanctuary considered as the third ornithological reserve of the world. C‘ is per tens of thousands that l‘ one can observe pelicans and Flemish, cormorants and other wigeons. But with the turning d‘ a backwater you will not fail to surprise the apprehensive ones will hérons, magific the ibis, the majestic fishing eagles and the astonishing birds snake like d‘ innumerable other species. On c‘, flat-bottomed dugout board; is nearly 3 a.m. during you will go in the middle of the backwaters, guets and watchtowers, under the direction of qualified guides to live l‘ extraordinary promptness d‘ a world still preserved. Of course you will not fail to benefit from the beauty of immense the d‘ plan; water strewn with nénuphards and bordered d‘ accacia and of tamaris. Unfortunately, the sanctuary is aujourd‘ today threatened by a watery fern, the Salvinia molesta, which proliferates on certain d‘ plans; water. By posing the foot with ground, an excellent network of tracks will allow you d‘ to go to discovered from the jackals, phacochères, monkeys, pythons, crocodiles, monitors etc. Because of its strategic importance in the conservation of bio-diversity, the sanctuary of Djoudj was errigé in national park in 1971. It is indexed as site of the Convention of Ramsar since 1977 was registered like site of the world heritage in 1981. The park is open from November to April. Located at nearly 80 km at the North-East of Saint-Louis, the site is equipped d‘ infrastructures which allow him d‘ to accomodate as well the tourists as the scientific expeditions.
problems dependent on our environment: Classified installations – The water pollution – Sound pollution – Unpleasant air pollution and odors.
„Human settlements”: The whole of the urban centres and rural, whatever their type and their size and the whole of the infrastructures of which they must lay out to ensure their inhabitants a healthy and decent existence.
“Impact study”: All prior studies with the realization of project of installation, of work, equipment, installation or establishment of production facility, agricultural or different, of plan or program, allowing to appreciate them direct consequences and/or indirect of the investment on the resources of environment.
“Management of waste”: Collection, transport, storage, recycling and the waste disposal including the monitoring of the sites of elimination.
“Ecologically rational Management of waste”: All practical measures allowing to ensure that waste is managed in a manner which guarantees the protection of the human health and the environment against the harmful effects that can have these waste.
“Classified as Installations”: Any fixed or mobile source likely to be generator of attack to the environment, whatever its owner or his assignment. “Harmful effect”: any element prejudicial with the health of the man and with environment.
“Participation of the populations”: engagement of the populations in the decision-making process. The participation of the populations includes/understands three stages of which information, consultation and the public sitting.
“Pollutant”: Any element or rejection solid, liquid or gas, any waste, odor, heat, its, vibration, radiation or combination of those likely to cause a pollution.
“Pollutant”: Any natural person or morals emitting a pollutant which involves an imbalance in the natural environment.
“Pollution”: Any contamination or direct or indirect modification of environment caused by any likely act: – unfavourably to assign a use of the advantageous medium to the man; – to cause or be likely to cause a situation prejudicial with health, with safety, with the good being of the man, the flora, fauna, the atmosphere, with water and the collective and individual goods;
Atmospheric pollution: Emission in the atmospheric layer of gas, of smoke oude substances likely to inconvenience the populations, to compromise health or public safety or to harm the agricultural production, the conservation of constructions and monuments or the character of the sites and the natural ecosystems.